The Non-State Actors and Geopolitics unit is led by Director Hassan Hassan and Deputy Director Faysal Itani. It aims to disrupt the mainstream approach to analyzing militant groups and informing US policy. The post-9/11 paradigm has excessively focused on ideological minutiae, personalities, and networks in isolation from militant groups’ geopolitical context. We believe this approach is outdated. Non-state actors have become key players in the this setting, sensitive to local opportunities and constraints and adapting accordingly. The Non-State Actors and Geopolitics unit applies geopolitical analysis – the focus on geography, economics, society, and history – across themes including extremist groups, conflict zones, and authoritarian environments.